Many students complain that tutorials and lectures are boring and ineffective. Many teachers in fact agree that simple ‘chalk and talk’ is not the most effective way to teach, but they may be looking for alternatives for engaging students in their classes.
Three effective ways of engaging your students are using a variety of learning activities, varying your lecture techniques, and improving your questioning skills. The following sections provide some useful guidelines for all three.
Learning activities in class: Consider using any or all of the learning activities set out in the figure below.
Varying your lectures: You can aim for more creative ways to organize your lectures. For example, you could:
Improving your questioning strategies: Asking questions is perhaps the most basic but effective way of engaging students in the class. And yet all of us who teach have the experience of raising a question in class and not getting what we expected. It can be helpful to think about some different types of questions, and how best to use them.
Here are some strategies for planning your use of questioning in your classes: