Instructional design involves the purposeful and systematic planning of a course. It is a process that usually begins with an analysis of the intended learning outcomes, identifies teaching strategies and student activities to enable students’ achievement of the outcomes, and ends with the development of assessment tools to assess whether and to what extent the outcomes were achieved.
Though there are other newly developed ID models in the field, the traditional ADDIE model is the generic process and thus is a good starting point. ADDIE stands for the five phases of the process of instructional design, namely Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, and Evaluation.
By working through the five phases of the ADDIE model, teachers can obtain feedback to help them improve the next presentation of the course.